Dr. Soumyajit Roychoudhury's
Family Dermatalogy, Asthetic Lasers, Anti-Ageing Medicine

HYPERHIDROSIS

What is hyperhidrosis?

  • Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by abnormally increased sweating, in excess of that required for the regulation of body temperature.
  • It can be generalised sweating affecting the whole body or may be localized to certain sites.
  • Although any site on the body can be affected by hyperhidrosis, the sites most commonly affected are the palms, soles, and underarms.
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How does hyperhidrosis manifest?

  • In primary hyperhidrosis, excessive sweating of the palms, soles, and axillae (armpits) often starts with the first social exposure of the day. It is often calm at night and most likely to be dry when the patient is relaxed and ready for bed.
  • This excessive sweating can interfere with everyday activities. Hands can be so sweaty that it becomes difficult to write or use a computer.
  • Sweat from the underarms often soaks through clothes, causing obvious sweat marks.
  • Hyperhidrosis is socially embarrassing for the patient and affects the quality of life. It affects the patients’ relationships and interferes with routine daily activities

What should one do if he / she develops hyperhidrosis?

  • Consult a dermatologist who will suggest the optimal mode of therapy and counsel the patient and his/her family about the disease

Are there any tests to diagnose hyperhidrosis?

  • Diagnosis is usually made by history or direct observation of excessive sweating.
  • There are no specific tests for hyperhidrosis, but the starch-iodine test is sometimes useful. It is sometimes used to find out the most active sweating areas prior to treatment with injections of botulinum toxin.

What are the treatment options for hyperhidrosis?

The treatment of hyperhidrosis depends upon the site involved. If there are any underlying medical conditions these need to be addressed. Various topical, oral and procedural treatments can be tried.

Topical treatment

  • Initial treatment involves use of topical anti-perspirants like 20% aluminum chloride. This is applied at night when the patient is usually at their most relaxed and the skin will be the driest. Initially these may cause local irritation and reducing the frequency of application may help in such scenario.
  • Formalin solutions may be useful in hyperhidrosis of palms and soles.

Oral treatment

  • Oral therapy with anti-cholinergic medications may be tried, these include drugs like oxybutynin and glycopyrrolate. Side effects with anti- cholinergics include dry mouth, blurred vision, abdominal cramps, constipation, and difficulty in passing urine. Most patients need to be maintained on a dose that is effective without having too many side effects

Procedural treatments

  • If topical therapy is not effective, iontophoresis is the preferred procedure. During iontophoresis, the hands (or feet) are bathed in a pan of water while electric current is passed through it. Standard treatment is 20 minutes for hands, 40 minutes for hands and feet done at least three times weekly. If this is successful, patients can usually enter a maintenance program in which the procedure may be done every one to two weeks.
  • Botulinum toxin injection is often a next step. This treatment is expensive. Results last on average about six months.
  • Several laser systems as well as other thermal devices, both infrared and microwave, have been reported to help hyperhidrosis. These are not all yet widely available.
  • Surgical procedures such as sympathectomy can be done in severe cases.

What are the self- care measures to prevent hyperhidrosis?

Few simple measures can be adopted to reduce the episodes or discomfort due to hyperhidrosis.

  • Avoid hot, humid places
  • Do not get agitated due to the sweating, it can trigger a vicious cycle and aggravate the problem.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol or spicy food
  • Change your socks and shoes frequently
  • Use loose fitting clothes
  • Sweat absorbent pads can be used on underarms
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Dr. Soumyajit Roychoudhury's Family Dermatalogy, Aesthetic Lasers, Anti-Ageing Medicine & Plastic Surgery

Address: Flat 3B, Mukunda Abasan (near SUBHA DRISTI Ceremonial Hall), Indraprastha, Berhampore. Murshidabad
Phone numbers - 9609406785
Email - srcforu@gmail.com


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